Egypt, at the northeast corner of Africa on the Mediterranean Sea, is bordered on the west by Libya, on the south by the Sudan, and on the east by the Red Sea and Israel.

It is nearly one and one-half times the size of Texas. Egypt is divided into two unequal, extremely arid regions by the landscape's dominant feature, the northward-flowing Nile River.

The source of economic, social, political and religious life grew from the Nile’s fertile banks and gave birth to a powerful civilisation that invented writing and erected the first stone monuments some years BC.

Some of Egypt’s most famous temples are situated along the Nile’s banks. (Abu Simbel, KomOmbo, Esna, Edfu)